Vocabulary of Italian regional studies3 min read
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The entry through the Val d'Aosta
Immediately after you have come out of the tunnel, you will il panorama montano (the mountainous landscape) stand out, with prati e pascoli (Meadows and pastures) and far away le montagne (the mountains). Differences are made between alta montagna (High mountains) – just what you find here now -, media montagna (Low mountain ranges) and bassa montagna (Low mountains). Missing fiumi (Rivers) Torrenti (Streams) and laghi (Lakes) not.
Entry through Friuli
In this case, drive through il Carso (Karst) with his doline (Sinkholes). Who does not know this phenomenon and these landscapes? We talk about l'altopiano roccioso calcareo (the calcareous rocky plateau) located in northeastern Italy at the foot of the Alpi Giulie (Julian Alps) to Mare Adriatico (Adriatic Sea), with its thousands and thousands grotto (Caves), with a lot sentieri (Paths), her pini neri (black pines) and the Landa Pietrosa (stony heath).
The colors of the seasons
If you in inverno (in winter) will travel il bianco della neve (the whiteness of snow) be the dominant color; in primavera (in spring) you will be aware of the "transitional colors", namely the whiteness of the last snow and il primo verde (the first green), received; l'estate (the summer) will take you with his colori caldi (warm colors) hug, and indeed il giallo del sole (the yellow of the sun), il verde di prati e boschi (the green of meadows and forests), la varietà di colori dei diversi fiori (the variety of colors of the different flowers), for example:
- il bianco e giallo delle margherite logo CNRS logo INIST the white and the yellow of the daisies
- azzurro o blu scuro delle genziane logo CNRS logo INIST the light or dark blue of the gentians
- il rosso dei rododendri logo CNRS logo INIST the red of the rhododendrons
- il pink e bianco della rosa canina = the pink and the white of the dog roses
But also l'autunno (Autumn) is a good time to visit Italy! In the opinion of some, nature would offer its most beautiful colors, especially il rosso e il giallo delle foglie (the red and yellow of the leaves).
The more south you drive, the more the mountains of the plain soften: we mean the only really great plain in Italy: la pianura padana (the Po Valley). Like all levels, this one too piatta (flat) and uniform (evenly), full Campi (Fields) and radure (Lumens).
Calanchi: natural phenomenon in Italy
Starting at Emilia-Romagna and reaching Basilicata you will come across this enchanting phenomenon. The calanchi are from the erosione (Erosion) generated furrows, due to the dilavamento delle acque (Water leaching) on roccia argillosa (clayey rock).
The caves in Italy
Toirano (Liguria), Frasassi (Marche), Castellana (Puglia): there are the most beautiful and famous, fuller stalattiti (stalactites) and stalagmiti (Stalagmites),
And last but not least: Il mare
Italy is una penisola (a peninsula), so she does not miss the sea! Le coste occidentali (the western coasts) are mostly pretty old e frastagliate (high and structured), le spiagge (the beaches) mostly consist of pietrisco (Pebbles) and il fondo marino (the seabed) is immediately steep. Le coste orientali (the eastern coasts) are on the other hand Piatte (flat), the beaches sabbiose (sandy) and the seabed is over a longer distance basso (flat): there you can penetrate several hundred meters into the water and always reach to the ground with your feet!