California legislates against political deepfakes



California legislates against political deepfakes

While some deepfakes are entertaining, others are misleading and even abusive. The California government passed an amendment that makes it illegal to distribute videos aimed at discrediting a political candidate. At the origin of this law, a fake video of a San Francisco girl, Nancy Pelosi, presented as drunk in a filmed intervention. A 2.3 million-fold deepfake that pushed the California authorities to legislate by banning the publication of fake videos exploiting the face of a political figure whose purpose is to discredit him. Because deepfakes, these counterfeit videos, are more and more realistic, they become a real propaganda tool capable of manipulating the general public, especially when important elections are approaching.

Political and pornographic deepfake

But the progress made in recent years in artificial intelligence should facilitate its democratization and thus increase the risk of manipulation. Especially since deepfakes are not limited to video. The voice of a public figure can easily be used to make him say what one wants, and the same is true for text. A few months ago, a deepfake video featured Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg explaining how he was going to control the world thanks to billions of data collected …

But deepfakes are not just used for political purposes. These videos also allow discrediting a personality by adding for example his face on pornographic scenes. In fact, one study found that 96% of the 14,000 deepfakes identified on the internet are pornographic in nature. The targets are often famous women, like actresses.

CNETFrance with CNET.com

Europe will launch SolO, a probe that will take pictures of the Sun


The new European Union space probe, SolO, or Solar Orbiter, has a very special mission: to help scientists learn more about the star of our solar system, the Sun. This weekend, after years of work, scientists and engineers from the European Space Agency (ESA) They declared that the probe was ready to go into space.

The main mission of SolO is to take the closest photos of our star, which will help scientists get a better understanding of the activity of the Sun. To do this, SolO will be positioned within the orbit of Mercury, or 42 million kilometers from the Sol. According to ESA, SolO will have to withstand temperatures between 180 ° C and more than 500 ° C.

It is the hope of scientists that SolO helps them better understand the role of the Sun in the space meteorology, or the variable conditions of the Earth's space environment. Our planet is inside a plasma bubble generated by the Sun that covers the entire solar system, which causes the planet to experience the changes produced by solar storms.

Solar storms can destabilize electrical systems, interrupt satellite communications and alter GPS. In addition, they can also cause more radiation in space, something that can affect the health of astronauts up there.

Here you can see the holes that will allow the probe to take pictures of the Sun without being damaged.
Photo: ESA – S. Corvaja

SolO will also be the first mission to take photos of the polar regions of the Sun, which have never been seen well from Earth. Polar regions are known for their magnetic behavior and their ability to generate large amounts of particles.

"Solar Orbiter is prepared to answer some of the biggest scientific questions about our star," said Günther Hasinger, ESA science director. “Your data will help us protect our planet better of the global challenges of space meteorology. ”

According to the BBC, the idea for SolO was born at the end of the 90s. ESA granted the contract to build the probe, which has cost around 1.5 million euros, in 2012. SolO was built by Airbus in Stevenage, United Kingdom, although it has been in Ottobrunn, Germany for testing this past year.

One of the biggest challenges for the team has been finding out how it was going. to protect the probe from the infernal temperatures of the Sun. In the end, the team built a titanium shield, which has small holes so that SolO telescopes can record the star, and a series of radiators that will act as a cooling mechanism.

ESA is preparing to send the probe to Cape Canaveral at the end of the month. He will work with NASA, which has also participated in the project, to launch the probe in February 2020.

(THAT Y BBC)

Good deal: the UE Boom 2 portable speaker is only 69.99 €, only


Good deal: the UE Boom 2 portable speaker is only 69.99 €, only


Despite its compact size, the Ultimate Ears Boom 2 is a Bluetooth speaker that delivers solid performance. The sound quality is quite impressive for its size. Another good point, it pushes even further the notion of resistance with an IPX7 certification, a protection against water up to one meter deep for 30 minutes. It offers a real autonomy of almost 15 hours and a 360 ° sound reproduction. Another feature is the ability to pair two speakers to cover a larger surface or to find a real stereo.

If you are looking for a quality portable speaker, you will not be disappointed. Click on the link below to take advantage of the offer:

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Free or RED by SFR: what is the best fiber box this week?



Free or RED by SFR: what is the best fiber box this week?

The Freebox mini 4K Free is posted at 14.99 euros per month for one year instead of 34.99 euros and always includes a commitment of one year. Opposite, we find the SFR RED Box which is still offered at 22 euros per month for life but which separates from the Debit Plus option. To "compensate", 100 GB of SFR cloud storage are offered.

The RED by SFR offer is valid until October 23rd, while Free's offer runs until October 22nd.

Duration of promos

There is no no condition of duration on the fiber offer of RED by SFR. This RED Box without commitment will be charged 22 euros per month for the duration of your subscription and you can enjoy free 100 GB of SFR cloud storage.

Opposite, Free's promotion is not eternal. It will cost you 14.99 euros per month for one year then 34.99 euros per month. In addition, it imposes a commitment of 12 months.

Advantage RED by SFR

What flows?

Out of promotion, the RED Box displays a download speed of 200 Mb / s and a send speed of 50 Mb / s. This week, the option Débit Plus is not offered so the offer of SFR loses its superb. On the side of Free, the Freebox mini 4K is able to reach theoretical downflow up to 1 Gb / s and upflow up 600 Mb / s against 400 Mb / s just a few months ago.

Free Advantage

On the side of unlimited calls

This week, RED by SFR does not offer the unlimited option to mobiles. It will therefore cost 5 euros extra per month to enjoy. You can however benefit from unlimited calls to landlines in France and to more than 100 destinations since its RED fiber box. The proposal of Free is quite close since the calls to the fixed are also unlimited but it concerns more than 110 destinations.

Free advantage

What to watch on TV?

At RED, there are two options with decoder included in 2 and 4 euros per month who understand 35 and 100 channels. The point goes to Free since more than 220 channels are accessible without additional cost with Freebox TV on his mini 4K.

Free advantage

Who offers the best equipment?

The fiber box of RED by SFR presents a recent technical sheet with the Wifi AC 5Ghz with 3×3 antennas (1300 Mbps theoretical), 4 Ethernet ports and 1 USB 2.0 port. The decoder (from 2 euros / month) is compatible UHD / 4K and accompanied by an "omnidirectional remote control with integrated QWERTY keyboard". This week you can enjoy 100 GB SFR cloud storage without additional cost.

Free is held back by the Wifi 802.11n 2.4GHz (theoretical 450 Mbps) of his Freebox Server. It also integrates 4 Ethernet ports and 2 USB 2.0 ports. Compatible UHD / 4K, the Freebox Player runs on Android TV.

Advantage RED by SFR

Our recommendation

By selecting the TV 100 channels option at 4 euros per month, the RED by SFR fiber box comes back to 624 euros after two years. For the same subscription period, the Freebox mini 4K will make you spend a total of 599.76 euros. Rates quite close in sum but without its option Flow Plus, RED box is much less interesting. We therefore advise you this week Freebox mini 4K Free.

What to do if you use two-step verification and lose your mobile


Two-step verification in an essential security measure that your mobile uses to prevent unauthorized people from accessing Your accounts on the Internet. It makes it harder to get into your accounts if you lose your mobile, but that's the point. Fortunately, you have options if you lose the device you use to verify that it is you.

By default, two-step verification is designed to block access to your accounts if you don't have your phone (or the device you have chosen for verification). Therefore, there are not many ways to avoid this requirement. However, there are several prevention measures that you can use to avoid having this problem. Don't wait for me to loseIt's your mobile to take action.

(If you currently cannot enter your accounts, skip to the last section of this article).

What to do if you change your mobile on purpose

If you know that you are going to change your mobile, make sure to disable the verification of your old mobile before you get rid of it. Here are some links where you can change the settings of the two-step verification if the you have activated for common services (if you have not already done so, you should do so). One note: these links would only work If you are already in your account.

The process varies according to the service you use, but the main idea is the same. You will install an application on your new device, scan a barcode or enter a code from the web in question and then confirm that you are in possession of the device. In most cases, authentication applications will stop working on your old phone, but you must make sure that this is the case. before switching devices.

If you use SMS messages in the verification, changing mobile should not cause any problems. You just have to activate your new mobile and the codes will reach your phone number. If you use an authentication application (we recommend Authy, and we'll talk about it in a little while), you can change the device with which you use the application in settings.

Always write down the backup codes

Google gives you 10 backup codes.
Screenshot: Google

We cannot stress this enough: Write down your backup codes. In case you can't enter your accounts for any reason, as if you forgot to deactivate your authentication application before you got rid of your mobile (or you couldn't because your mobile was stolen), the backup codes will allow you to recover Access to your accounts easily. Then, you can activate a new authentication application, generate new backup codes and keep your accounts secure.

Hack al …

Two-step verification is the best system we have to protect our identity in …

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You may have heard that you should not write down your passwords, but these backup codes are the exception. You should definitely print them or write them in a paper and store them in a place where you can find them. Ideally, they wouldn't be in your phone, but in a fire-resistant safe with other important documents. Do not store them in a Word document on your laptop, because if your laptop stops working one day or is stolen, you have a problem.

Unlike the authentication application codes, the backup codes do not change. Most websites will tell you that after using them, you should cross them out of your code list. Google, for example, offers 10 backup codes. When you use one, the number of codes at your disposal changes from 10 to 9 (they are not replenished immediately), and you receive an email informing you that a code has been used. This means that even if someone finds your codes and use them to get into your account, it would be difficult for them to do it without you noticing.

Use a third-party verification application, such as Authy

It is a good idea to have a third-party authentication application, such as Authy.
Screenshot: Authy

As we have commented previously, Authy is a good application to manage your verification accounts in two steps for iPhone, Android and even your computer. It not only provides you with a mobile “spare” in case you lose your phone, since your “tokens”Can be synchronized with several devices, but it also makes it easy to move your tokens from one device to another (in case, for example, you get a new mobile). You just have to synchronize the new device and deactivate the old one.

In order to use whats tokens synchronizeds on your devices, you will have to set Authy as your primary application for two-step verification. If you are currently using Google Authenticator or another application to receive your codes, you will need to activate Authy in each of your accounts. To do this, you probably have to scan a QR code, as if you were changing devices. You must follow whats steps below To synchronize Authy with another device:

1. Go to the Authy Settings section on your main device and choose “Dispositives".

2. Activate the option that allows several devices.

3. On your second device, install Authy.

4. When you open the application for the first time, it will ask you for a phone number. Enter the number of your main device.

5. A window will appear that says “Verification Method”. Click on "Use this device."

6. You will receive a notification on your main device that will ask you to verify the new device. Click "Accept."

7. Indicate your approval in the box that appears asking you to verify your decision.

8. Go back to settings on your main device and click on "Devices" again.

9. Disable the option that allows multiple devices. This will prevent other devices from being added but will keep the ones you already have registered.

It's also a good idea to activate a PIN code (or a fingerprint lock) for all the devices you've connected to Authy. (You will need to do this for each device individually in My Account> Security). This way, even if someone gets physical access to your device, it will be harder for them to see your codes.

Add an extra layer of security with the fingerprint lock.
Screenshot: Manzana

For those who are worried with The security of this method: all your tokens Authentication are encrypteds locally (using a complex password, not the four-digit PIN code that protects the application). Therefore, neither Authy servers nor a third party will be able to access your tokens.

Get a replacement phone to receive verification codes by SMS

Although some authentication methods require an application, almost all offer the possibility of using an SMS code as a backup option. It is not a solution as secure as an authentication application or a token, but if you lose your mobile, all you have to do is get a backup mobile, activate it with your telephone company and receive a code to the number associated with your account.

What inconveniences are there with this? Text messages can be hacked even if the person does not have access to your device, such as when they hack your SIM card. Of course, the hacker will need your password to be able to do something with a specific account, but text message authentication is still less secure. that the authentication in two steps, since the last one requires that the hacker has access to the device associated to your authentication application to be able to enter your accounts.

What to do if you cannot enter your accounts and you have not prepared

Although we have taught you several ways to prepare for the worst, anything can happen. It is possible that your mobile phone falls through a well, that you lose paper with your backup codes or that today is simply the day Google asks you to verify your accounts. Is bad luck.

Sometimes, you can try to call or send a message to the company that manages the service you want to access. The bad is that recovering an account can take days, if the company can help you. Other companies, such as Discord, will tell you that if your backup methods fail, they will not be able to give you access to your account. You will have to open a new account, which is not ideal.

That's why it's important to prepare yourself in case you have bad luck. However, in case the worst happens, here are some links with information on how (and if) you can recover access to your account.

In the end, taking a little time to prepare is better than the stress you will suffer when try to regain access to all your main accounts after you have lost the device associated with your authentication application.

Good deal: Internal SSD Samsung 860 QVO (2 TB) is proposed at 169,90 € instead of 249


Good deal: Internal SSD Samsung 860 QVO (2 TB) is proposed at 169,90 € instead of 249

This is a very nice offer that should interest you if you are looking for a quality internal SSD at a reasonable price. Rue du commerce offers on September 27 the internal SSD Samsung 860 QVO 169,90 €.

General characteristics of the device:

  • Connectors: SATA III
  • Max capacity accepted (in To): 2 TB
  • Size: 2.5 inches
  • Write speed (in MB / s): 520
  • Reading speed (in MB / s): 550
  • Dimensions: 100 x 69.85 x 68 mm

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News of the week: The Huawei Mate X is almost here


huawei-mate-x-foto

The launch of the Huawei Mate X would be imminent, according to a leak.

Juan Garzon / CNET

This week we met the new Google cell phones, the Pixel 4 Y Pixel 4 XL as well as other products and services more launched by the search giant in its autumnal event. But not everything was Google this week, because we also had news from Huawei and the possible launch of its folding cell phone, the Huawei Mate X.






Reproducing:
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The Huawei Mate X would arrive soon and Zuckerberg talks about …




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The Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL are in our hands and our colleague Juan Garzón has already been tested. In his first impressions Juan told us that while they are very complete cell phones, a detail that broke his heart is the fact that they have lost unlimited storage in original quality of the images and videos in Google Photos. To this we must add that they do not have a wide-angle camera, and although the design is not the most elegant we have seen this year, when you have them in your hands do not feel bad.

You can know more about Pixel 4 and Pixel 4 XL in our review and in our gallery camera comparison where we face them with the iPhone 11 Pro.

And now we have to tell you everything we know about Huawei, because despite the problems with the United States, the company he managed to increase his earnings and, according to several reports, I might be thinking of launching HarmonyOS alongside Android on their cell phones. That strategy, say the rumors, is for users to test both operating systems and learn about the operation of HarmonyOS, the platform that the company would be forced to use if Google prevents access to Android or its official applications.

As if this were not enough, another rumor this week says that Huawei could launch the Huawei Mate X this October, although the company could only place 300,000 units in the Chinese market, a low figure compared to the Galaxy Fold that Samsung placed in South Korea, and they are estimated at about 700,000. In addition, this week an unboxing of the folding cell of the Chinese company was also leaked.

Also this week we had news from Facebook, because Mark Zuckerberg gave a lecture at Georgetown University, where he talked about the importance of freedom of expression in social networks. His words come after the senator and presidential candidate for the Democratic Party, Elizabeth Warren, said that after changing her ad policy to allow politicians to post ads that include lies, Facebook became a "disinformation machine for profit. "

By the way we invite you to take a look at the new Beats Solo Pro, which we are already testing, and in CNET Pop we tell you what we think of The way, the movie of Breaking Bad on Netflix.

Orange Launches Livebox 5: Ecological Fiber and Biggest Flow on the Menu



Orange Launches Livebox 5: Ecological Fiber and Biggest Flow on the Menu

After several leaks in recent weeks, Orange has officially unveiled the Livebox 5 on October 09. On the menu, no technological breakthrough, but some interesting new features. First, and not least: the new box promises significantly improved speeds to subscribers Up fiber and a new smart Wi-Fi system. Orange is also pounding it: the operator is making efforts to reduce its environmental footprint. The Livebox 5 is made of recycled plastic and will be less energy intensive than previous models.

Still, it is not compatible Wifi 6. A choice assumed, but surprising, especially when we advance the argument of sustainability. Official launch Oct. 10 for Up and Pack Up Up fiber customers.

The green fiber of Orange

This is one of Orange's key arguments for its Livebox 5: ecology. The new box embeds a recycled plastic shell and fewer components than its predecessors. The operator is using its figures to highlight its progress: electricity consumption is down 17% compared to the Livebox 4 and the carbon footprint reduced by 29%. Fabienne Dulac, CEO of Orange France also took the opportunity to slip a word on the recycling of 2.7 million old Livebox this year. In short, technically, the new box may not be as impressive as its competitors SFR Box 8 and Freebox Delta, but it is more eco-friendly.

Fabienne Dulac, CEO of Orange France in full presentation of the Livebox 5.

Its design is also affected. The box is more compact, his style is more simplistic. As it no longer includes a fan, it has ventilation grids on the upper part. The advantage? Passive ventilation that allows the Livebox 5 to consume less.

Put the packet on the connection

This is the other real novelty of this Livebox 5: much higher rates for fiber subscribers. Orange announces up to 2 Gbit / s theoretical downlink rate and 600 Mbps upstream rate. Be careful though, this is called shared bit rate: the four Ethernet ports on the back of the modem are limited to 1 Gbps. This is the maximum speed you will have on your computer, smartphone or tablet. This is much higher than the standard fiber offer that does not exceed 400 Mbit / s of upstream and downstream throughput. We also appreciate the removal of the fiber box (ONT), which simplifies the installation of the new box.

Otherwise, Orange ignores the Wifi 6 and remains confined to the fifth standard of the wireless connection. The operator considers that compatible equipment is still too marginal and will remain so for a few more years. However, Orange goes out on average a new terminal every three or four years. By 2023, the new standard may have become indispensable in our homes. Or not, and this is the bet that the operator makes for his Livebox 5.

On the other hand, the manufacturer puts forward its system of "Intelligent Wifi", to improve the coverage of the housing and better distribute the connection between the different devices. In concrete terms, the box automatically searches for the best frequency band and regulates the connection as best as possible. The idea is to avoid as much as possible the saturation of the Wifi.

For which offers?

Only Livebox Up Fiber and Pack Up Up Fiber subscribers (TV, phone, Internet + mobile plan) will be able to enjoy this new Livebox. Note that the TV decoder, compatible Ultra HD and Dolby Atmos, is strictly the same as for the Livebox 4.

The box TV decoder, identical to that of the Livebox 4.

Unlike traditional fiber offerings, those subscribing to these new subscriptions will be able to benefit from a second UHD TV decoder or an improved TV key that works throughout Europe. A WiFi repeater and a UHD TV recorder can also be provided on request. Also, both offerings include unlimited mobile calls to Europe, the United States and Canada.

The TV key and its remote control.

To afford this Livebox 5, it will take 30.99 euros for twelve months then 49.99 euros (Up Fiber offer) or 28.99 euros the first year and 52.99 euros thereafter (basic offer of the Open Up Fiber Pack). It will be necessary to pay two euros more per month to benefit from the improved throughput and other advances of the last box, in comparison with an Orange fiber classic subscription.

The connected home service is also included, as for the Livebox 4. Since a simplistic application, it allows to control the connected objects (bulb, camera, plug …). Attention, however, not all are compatible and they are not provided with the box.