Spanish Christmas Lottery – The Ultimate Guide 2019


Spanish Christmas Lottery – The Ultimate Guide 2019

Reading time: 7 minutes

A spanish tradition

The word tradition is absolutely appropriate for the Spanish Christmas lottery, because in less than a month the draw will take place for the 20th time. It is a state lottery that has been drawn since December 1812 on December 22nd. However, it has only been known since 1892 under the title »Sorteo de Navidad«. Basically it is a special education, which is carried out by the Spanish lottery company. It has become so popular these days that many websites, with the Christmas lottery of Spain in focus, have jumped out of the ground. Some facts about the lottery:

  • Biggest lottery in the world – The lottery has long been considered the largest in the world, which of course is related to the total prize money: over 2.3 billion euros are distributed annually.
  • distribution – About seventy percent of the stakes are actually distributed.
  • Grand prize – El Gordo has more than 640 million euros.

However, this lottery is not a pure way for Spaniards to win money. While the first draw took place on 18.12.1812 due to the War of Independence in Cádiz, only the 22nd of December is used. On this date El Gordo starts the actual Christmas season. Since the traditional messaging is not taking place in Spain until the 6th of January, El Gordo and Epiphany describe the time window of the Christmas season. Typically, on Epiphany, another special education follows.

El Gordo – how does the Christmas lottery work?

One should not imagine the draw of the Christmas lottery as the mere drawing of the Saturday lotto numbers. The Christmas lottery in Spain is a social event that has always been public and has been broadcast live on TV since 1967.

Nearly fifty percent of Spaniards enter into the drawing ceremony. And there is a lot to see:

  • drum – Instead of the glass ball, which describes the German lottery drawing, the Spaniards use two drums. The first contains loose balls, the second prizes.
  • roll – Special wooden balls made of boxwood are used. Each ball was labeled in advance by laser with a lot number. As many lottery tickets as there are balls in one drum. The second drum also contains wooden balls, but these are labeled with the profit sums. In 2013, there were 100,000 lottery balls. In the same year there was one with 500,000 euros, one with 1.25 million euros and one with 4 million, two with 200,000 euros, eight with 60,000 euros, 1,794 balls with 1,000 euros.

How does the drawing work in detail?

For every lottery, the draw is the focus. So also with the Spanish Christmas lottery. But while today many lotteries are more sterile or the numbers just barely read in the news, Spain also maintains a tradition on December 22nd.

At the center of the festivity are children, who still traditionally come from the house where the first drawing children came from: the Colegio San Ildefonso. This building, located in Madrid, was once an orphanage and these same children have reneged on the lottery numbers and prices. Although the orphanage is now closed, the building now serves as a school – for boys and girls from bad family backgrounds.

During the draw, two drums each fall simultaneously into a glass bowl at a time. Two children now take the balls and sing the lot number and the price. After about twenty balls, the drums are stirred, then it goes on. Each draw lasts about three and a half hours, without losing the tension. Because all balls and prices are treated the same, the wholesale prices can be drawn at any time.

Many Spaniards use the day of the draw for a social get-together. The draw of the winners will be watched together. Meanwhile, it is also possible to watch the draw in the livestream.

Which profits are possible?

One of the special features of this Christmas lottery is described by the odds of winning. There are so many prizes that this year again, every sixth lot represents a profit. And what do these profits look like? An overview:

  • El Gordo – this is the main prize with 4 million euros.
  • Second place – 1.25 million euros will be awarded here.
  • third place – 500,000 euros
  • fourth place – Two times 200,000 euros will be awarded here. Fifth place – this is awarded eight times: 60,000 euros.
  • Further – Exactly 1,974 times 1.000 € will be drawn. These winnings are called "Pedrea," which can be translated as hailstones.

But these are just the main prizes. Not drawn lot numbers can win:

  • 2 x 20,000 euros – You will be paid to the lot numbers that come directly before and after the lot number of El Gordo.
  • 2 x 12,500 euros – the principle remains, only it is the lot number sequences after the second place. 2 x 9,600 euros – the lot numbers before and after rank three.
  • 297 x 1,000 euros – the lottery numbers whose first three digits are identical to the first three digits of the seats one, two or three.
  • 198 x 1,000 euros – here the first three digits must agree with those of fourth.
  • 2,997 x 1,000 euros – Now count the last three digits that must match the last three digits of position 1, 2 or 3.
  • 9999×200 Euro – This is the commitment payback of 200 euros, if the last digit of the lot matches the last digit of El Gordo.

These winnings are all set. And who is just thinking about how El Gordo alone comes to 680 million, if only one time 4 million euros is drawn, makes mathematically everything right. Now the lots come into play.

The lots of El Gordo

Like the National Lottery of Spain, El Gordo is played with lots, each with a five-digit number. There are now 100,000 lot numbers, each printed on sheets. Who plays online, receives virtually only the virtual form of the arc, or the section:

  • The arc – Each arch has ten separable sections. These are the so-called tenthless, while the bow, the billet, represents the whole lot.
  • series – of each sheet with a lot number, a series of, last year, 170 pieces will be printed. 1,700 sections each bore the same lot number. Since the sheets are reprinted in high demand, the number of pieces this year until 22.12. still differ. For the sake of simplicity, the serial number of 170 is used below.
  • Losarten – Usually there are whole lots, so a bow and the tenth lot. Meanwhile, however, the system has expanded so that there are 1/20 lots, 1/50, 1/100, 1/5 and 1/2 lots on the market. A whole lot is relatively expensive, currently it is online for an average of 240.00 Euro.

But why are the lots so important now to understand the profit system? Very easily. If lot number 55.555 is drawn for El Gordo, then all 170 lot owners have received this price, if this lot number was given as a whole lot. Since this is never the case and countless people buy half lots or tenth lot, also get some of this profit. It therefore applies:

  • 170 sheets per number – Fourty million would be paid out 170 times if the lot was never shared.
  • 1,700 tickets per number – If the ticket number would be circulated exclusively as a tenth lot, then all 1,700 ticket holders would receive 400,000 euros.

Due to the various ticket options, it is not possible to specifically mention a profit. Everyone has the chance to win with his lottery, but who buys a tenth lot or even a fiftieth ticket, gets only a tenth or a fiftieth of the winning total. This rule also runs through the side profits. For example, if you have a tenth lot and win the reimbursement, you would not get the 200.00 Euro, but only 20.00 Euro.

El Gordo also play in Germany – is that possible?

Meanwhile, the lottery can be played in Germany. There are now online providers who have the Christmas lottery of Spain in focus and so easy to participate. So who wants to participate, can also create a new Christmas tradition.

Famous winners of El Gordo

Presumably, many may remember that the news was reported by "millionaire villages" or the like. In fact, behind it is the Spanish Christmas lottery. But especially in Spain, the lucky fairy has to be very good with some regions.

And who wants to improve his own chances, should definitely consider whether a short-term move to Manises in the province of Valencia is possible. Because since 2012 El Gordo struck there three times.

Where luck is good in Germany as well. In 2017, four Germans won the main prize, although they did not have a whole lot, but only got 200,000 euros each. In the first three winning classes were found seven German – which was only the indication of a single provider.

Why win whole villages

Fact is, as good as the odds of winning, after all, are 1 in 100,000, so are the lots. Meanwhile, a whole sheet with 10 single lots goes clearly into the price segment of 250.00 euros. For many Tipper this sum is simply too high to simply put it on the line. For this reason, often syndicate form:

  • Spanish villages – They are simply known media. The small villages usually buy together one or two lots and thus win as a village community. This may have been a bit bitter for the gentleman, who was only drawn to a Spanish village after having bought his ticket – and his neighbors all won.
  • societies – Sports clubs also like to use the possibility of a syndicate. Is money finally to be found for the renovation of the showers? El Gordo may help.
  • circle of friends – They also like to use a whole lot together. In the end, holidays in the circle of friends will not be easier to finance in the coming year.

The explanation behind many "million villages" is thus simple. There were simply bought together so many lots of a lot number together. And in this way your own regulars' table or the round of cards can become a phenomenon: You only have to buy at least a whole lot in the group.

Spanish Christmas Lottery - The Ultimate Guide 2019
At El Gordo attractive payouts are waiting for the winners – and there are a very large number of possible winners. In Spain, whole villages have already won the big pot together.

Conclusion – El Gordo is fascinating

The Spanish Christmas lottery is the older lottery – and the biggest. In addition, the draw is now a huge tradition in Spain, which thrills many people. Meanwhile, she has long since come to Germany and most of the lottery and online lottery providers also have El Gordo with various lot types in the program. In general, the chances of a win are also high, after all, winning every sixth lot. Whether this profit is a rain of money or just a drizzle, of course, depends on your own lot. The more pieced, the lower the own profit share. And who wants to watch the spectacle around the drawing once, can do that online long ago on 22.12. in the morning. To this day, the children sing the number and the prize, some time after the draw, all the winner lots are published on the Internet.

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Which laminate floor suits which furniture?


Which laminate floor suits which furniture?

Reading time: 2 minutes

Laminate cleverly selected

Bright, dark, in a hallway design or even in a tile look – the variations in laminate designs are diverse and have different effects. Small rooms appear larger with light laminate, large rooms can be given a cozy touch with dark laminate, for example in walnut look. Even where you might not want to have any laminate, it is still used. Because there are also laminate in stone look, which fits perfectly in planks and entrance areas, but is not nearly as complicated to lay down, like real stones or tiles.
The larger the plank look, the smoother the room is, so the small rod optics should only be used on small areas, as this causes too much unrest in the premises.
LOGOCLIC laminate flooring offers a variety of designs for every taste and can be easily selected online.
Here is also the currently very popular, rustic laminate, which reminds with its grain and its plank look of real wood and spread a country house atmosphere.
Of course, the country house style does not fit in every room and so it depends on the choice of laminate on the device. Bright furniture looks particularly good on dark laminate and those who love the colonial style with its heavy, historic designs may choose a light oak tone for their laminate, creating a wonderful contrast.

Tips for buying laminate

Which laminate lands in the shopping cart also depends on how the room is used. For highly frequented rooms there is a robust laminate, which is located in a higher price range. For low-traffic rooms, however, a cheaper laminate can be chosen. The difference in quality depends on the thickness of the laminate. 6 to 12 millimeters are the common strengths and the stronger the laminate, the more it will last. For living rooms or study usually already a thickness of 7 mm, in children's rooms or in entrance areas is recommended a minimum thickness of 8 mm.
If a room is completely refurbished, it is advisable to think in advance in which rough direction the color choice and thus the expression of the room should go.
The laminate can stand in contrast to the furniture, but should then form a unity with the wall color, otherwise there are too many colors in the game and the room quickly seems restless.
In addition to the decor, there are also different laying systems. Click systems, locking systems or a combination of both makes laying laminate easy.
Very important is the so-called impact sound insulation, which comes under the laminate and must be selected depending on the nature of the subfloor.

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Hardly any gambling is more popular than roulette – but why?


Hardly any gambling is more popular than roulette – but why?

Reading time: 2 minutes

Maybe the secret is that roulette is a pretty easy game. However, it is also highly complex. This makes it easy to place a bet at the table or online. The possible uses, however, can not be easily seen through. You can play roulette here for free, if you want an easy start. Because as I said, roulette is not difficult to play, but incredibly complicated to master.

The first roulette was created in the 17th century. Experts assume Italy as the place of origin. Since the 19th century, the game has been shaped by the traditional image. The spread at that time was accompanied by the spread of the nobility and the wealthy citizens. They wanted to find their luck and tried the gambling. Therefore, roulette is still considered a noble game that is always associated with wealthy people.

One of the big pluses of this game is its variety. So you usually set to a single number with a high payout or the so-called simple chance, but has a high profit share. In addition, there are a variety of different variants that are found today. This ultimate guide explains everything you need to know about the game. The online casinos are especially surprising here and bring a seemingly endless number of different roulette variations to the market. It is not unusual to find twenty or more in a search for good roulette alternatives.

The variety is then noticeable in the field of missions. Because in almost no gambling there are so many different options. So you can not only bet on black or red, but also on even and odd numbers. Added to this is the possibility to bet on the first 18 numbers or the second. In addition, the individual numbers on the scale from "Zero" to 36 offer significantly higher payouts. There are several other variants between the mentioned options. The rule of thumb is that the higher the chance of winning, the lower the payout.

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What is important with e-cigarettes


What is important with e-cigarettes

Reading time: 2 minutes

What advantages does an e-cigarette offer?

Electronic smoking, also known as vaping, persuades more and more smokers to do without traditional cigarettes. Better smell and increased physical well-being are the top reasons for the change. In addition, even less dirt, lower costs and the lack of withdrawal symptoms are mentioned. According to studies, the vapor is much less polluting than the smoke of a cigarette. Nevertheless, the e-cigarette is and will remain a stimulant that must be consumed responsibly.

Are there any disadvantages?

The higher initial costs scare off many changeover. Bottom line, however, you save money compared to tobacco cigarette. As with all other substances, in rare cases, intolerances to components of the liquid may occur. Nevertheless, it is worth giving the e-cigarette a chance.

How to find your right e-cigarette!

Your e-cigarette should serve you as an alternative to the conventional cigarette. The optics is a minor matter. Much more important is to find a device that

  • good in the hand,
  • breastfeeding your need for nicotine,
  • easy to use and
  • is cheap to buy.

If you want to quit smoking, it's best to grab a starter kit or starter kit. They are tailored exactly to the needs of transferees.

What's the difference between beginner's sets and advanced e-cigarettes?

The market is full of colorful devices, all of which have different characteristics. Starter sets are characterized by the fact that you can steam off immediately. A good example of this is the myBlu beginner set. On closer inspection, it looks like a normal cigarette. The small stick has no display and no fire button. Just put on and inhale – as you are used to from a normal cigarette. If the Liquidpod is empty, you simply exchange it. It meets all the requirements that an entry-level set has to offer and offers you a solid entry into the world of steaming.

Advanced e-cigarettes are much more extensive to handle. They usually consist of two parts: a battery carrier and an evaporator. Different operating modes, selectable evaporator heads and particularly powerful batteries require that the user has already dealt with the matter. Only then is a satisfying steam experience possible. A newbie is often overwhelmed with e-cigarettes for the advanced and therefore much better advised with a starter kit.

How safe are e-cigarettes?

When handled correctly, e-cigarettes purchased in Germany are no more dangerous than your cell phone. The devices are equipped with all common protection measures against short circuit, overheating and overcharging. Beware of e-cigarettes from low-cost overseas providers. The low price is no coincidence. Because often it is waived on function and quality controls. Therefore, when buying an e-cigarette, it is better to pay a few euros than to save on security.

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What are servomotors and how do they work?


What are servomotors and how do they work?

Reading time: 2 minutes

How do servomotors work?

To understand how the servo works, you need to take a closer look at the engine. There is a fairly simple design: a small DC motor, a potentiometer and a control circuit. The motor is attached via gears on the wheel. As the motor rotates, the resistance of the potentiometer changes, allowing the control circuit to precisely control how much movement is in which direction.

When the shaft of the motor is in the desired position, the power supplied to the motor is stopped. If not, the motor is turned in the appropriate direction. The desired position is sent via electrical pulses via the signal line. The engine speed is proportional to the difference between the actual position and the target position. If the engine is close to the desired position, it turns slowly, otherwise it turns quickly. This is called proportional control. This means that the engine only runs as much as necessary to fulfill the task at hand, which is very energy efficient.

How is the servo controlled?

Servos are controlled by sending a variable width electrical pulse or pulse width modulation through the control line. There is a minimum pulse, a maximum pulse and a repetition rate. Servo motors such as the GHV can normally rotate only 90 ° in both directions to move a total of 180 °. The neutral position of the motor is defined as the position in which the servo has the same possible clockwise or counterclockwise rotation. The pulse width modulation sent to the motor determines the position of the shaft and is based on the duration of the pulse sent over the control line. The rotor turns to the desired position. The servomotor expects a pulse every 20 milliseconds. How long the pulse is determines how far the motor turns. Thus, a 1.5 millisecond pulse causes the motor to rotate to the 90 ° position. If the value is shorter than 1.5 milliseconds, it is shifted counterclockwise in the direction of 0 °. If the value is longer than 1.5 milliseconds, the servo is turned clockwise in the direction of 180 °.

When these servos are commanded to move, they move into position and hold that position. When an external force pushes against the servo while the servo is holding a position, the servo can not move out of that position. The maximum force that the servo can exert is called the torque of the servo. The position pulse must be repeated to instruct the servo to stay in the desired position.

What types of servomotors are there?

There are two types of servomotors – AC and DC. AC servos can handle higher power surges and are used in industrial machinery. DC servos are not designed for high power surges and are usually better for smaller applications. In general, DC motors are less expensive than their AC motors. These are usually servomotors that have been specially designed for continuous rotation. They are equipped with two ball bearings on the output shaft to reduce friction and facilitate access to the residual adjustment potentiometer.

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Italian train journey: buy train tickets in Italian


Italian train journey: buy train tickets in Italian3 min read

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Get rid of these problems immediately: Take il treno (the Train)! The romantic ones locomotive a vapore (Steam locomotives) are over, though some are still up draft turistiche (tourist routes) continue to live. One travels with you today treni superveloci (super-fast trains) that allow you to travel hundreds of kilometers within hours.

If you have the posto a sedere (Seat) nello scompartimento (in the compartment) have already ordered from Germany, because you need the Italian controllore (Conductor) just show your card and say to him questa è la mia prenotazione (that's my reservation).

Ticket purchase in Italy

If, on the other hand, you want to do everything on Italian territory, then go ahead biglietteria della stazione (Station ticket office) and after one buon giorno (good morning / day) or buonasera (good evening), depending on the time, contact the ticket seller so: by cortesia. un biglietto / due, tre … biglietti di sola andata / di andata e ritorno per (please, one / two / three … times outward / return journey to + name of the destination).

Attention: if you do not name the class you want to travel in, go i.d.R. the seller assumes that you are in second class (2nd class) drive. If you are in great class (1st class), you should say it explicitly.

Go with the red arrow

Have you never heard of these brand new trains? Frecciarossa (Literally: Red Arrow) is the last born child in the family of Trenitalia (the Italian state railway network). A train that takes the strand Turin-Rome (almost 700 km) in 4 hours! And if you want to travel to Naples (another almost 200 km), you only need about an hour and a half to drive more. Of course you can also get out on the way: Milan, Bologna or Florence.

Frecciarossa offers solutions for all bags. The distinction between the traditional classes has given way to a new structure: the richest bags can make their journey in the scompartimento executive o business (Economy or business compartment); Less rich pockets can be for the defaultSolution decide, but completely i.O. is. All trains are with carrozza ristorante (Dining car) equipped and the mood is cozy.

And if you have one viaggiatore assiduo (frequent passenger) – maybe because you do business with and in Italy – then you can Cartafreccia, a free and very quickly issued card, that will give you some vantaggi (Benefits) gives: partecipazione a concorsi a premi (Participation in competitions with prizes), promozioni (Promotions), agevolazioni (Privileges).

Frecciabianca (literally: white arrow) and Frecciagento (literally: Silver-colored arrow) may not be as chic as Frecciarossabut also go where not all Frecciarossa trains go, e.g.

  • Frecciabianca: from Turin / Milan to Venice / Trieste, Basilicata / Calabria and the Adriatic
  • Frecciargento from Rome / Milan direction
    • Bressanone, Verona, Venice, Trento, Bolzano
    • Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany;
    • from Milan to Lecce (Apulia) and Reggio Calabria (Calabria)

Not to be underestimated Italo, a newborn train of a private entrepreneur (the same one who owns and manages Ferrari). He basically drives the same routes as the Freccemore precisely, it covers the main Italian cities between Turin and including Salerno. Also Italo has the old ones great seconda classe outdated and differentiates between club, business and standard. As in any market economy, the two compete with each other in what they offer to travelers: quality, quantity and nature of ristorazione a bordo (Meals on board), nature and variety of comfort, frequency of trips, etc. – in a nutshell, the price-performance ratio.

And attention! Smoking is prohibited on all Italian trains: VIETATO FUMARE!

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Italian culture: specialist vocabulary for the archaeological museum


Italian culture: specialist vocabulary for the archaeological museum3 min read

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Where you go?

No matter what you choose (whether the famous Pompei or the Thousand other places – not so well-known but equally interesting – all over Italy), they are all characterized by common characteristics that we will give you in this article and briefly explain.

Small vocabulary of the archaeologist

Let's start with the general term: lo scavo (the excavation). Scavo designates both the site where excavated and the excavation activity. Scavare (dig up) is the corresponding verb. In questa zona si scava già molto tempo = This area has been dug up for a long time.

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  • Il sito (the place) designates the place where is buried. e.g .: In questo sito sono stati fatti importanti ritrovamenti = Important discoveries have been made in this place.

If one digs out, many different things can be found, e.g.

  • le mura di cinta di una città = the enclosure walls of a city
  • FONDAZIONI (Foundations), resti (Remains), the ben conservati (well received) or time conservati (poorly received) can be.

During the excavations in search of one casa (House) you might come across the following:

  • le pareti = the walls
  • vasellame = Dishes / pots
  • suppellettili = Household items
  • monili = Jewelry

If the purpose of the investigations is cimitero (Cemetery) or Sepolcreto (Burial ground) is, then one speaks of:

  • tombe e lapidi = Graves and tombs or memorial stones
  • pitture murali = Mural
  • iscrizioni = Inscriptions

La Guida explained…

When digging in areas that for la vita pubblica (public life) were determined, we discover, inter alia .:

  • statue in edifici pubblici = Statues in public buildings
  • lastricato = Plaster, e.g. il lastricato è costituito da big pietre rettangolari / squares = the pavement consists of large rectangular / square stones
  • Colonne (di templi, palazzi, ecc.) = Columns (at temples, palaces, etc.)
  • le terme = the thermal springs, with the corresponding ones piscine (Swimming pools), namely: calidarium = piscina con acqua calda (Swimming pool with warm water), tepidarium = piscina con acqua tiepida (Swimming pool with tepid water) and frigidarium piscina con acqua fredda (Swimming pool with cold water);
  • la piazza pubblica = the public square, with the associated fountain (Fountain); Here we hear our guide explain: qui era il centro della vita politica della città = that was the center of political city life
  • il foro boario = the cattle forum; You are told:qui avvenivano le contrattazioni per la compravendita di questi animali = Here were the negotiations for the purchase and sale of these animals
  • le varie botteghe: macellaio, ortolano, fornaio, maniscalco, ecc. = the various shops: butchers, greengrocers, bakers, blacksmiths, etc.
  • le taverna = the taverns;
  • i bordelli = the brothels
  • il pozzo dell'acqua potabile = the drinking water shaft
  • il teatro = the theater
  • le stalle e la posta dei cavalli = the stables and the horse trailer

And since the defense had to be taken care of before the then numerous enemies, you will cicerone (common Italian word for tourist guides) not to fail you le caserme (the barracks) and l'acquartieramento per la guarnigione militare (quartering for the military garrison).

Not infrequently you discover several strati (Layers) of the same insediamento (Settlement – the most famous example is Troy!). So it can not be ruled out that even the place you visit will keep such a surprise!

The age of reperti you measure i.d.R. with the sistema del carbonio 14 (Radio carbon system).

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A football coverage in Italian –


A football coverage in Italian2 min read

Reading Time: 2 minutes

I giocatori nello stadio (the players in the stadium)

Il telecronista (the TV reporter / reporter) will introduce you to the two teams first:

  • portiere = Goalkeeper
  • Difensori = Defender
  • attaccanti = Striker
  • mediano = midfielder
  • punet = Peak
  • and not to forget – allenatori = Coach
  • arbitro = Referee and
  • guardalinee = (Linesman).

Il calzio d'inizio

So it starts now!

Il giocatore X calcia la palla in direzione della porta avversaria Player X hits the ball against the opponent's goal.

Viene fermato dal difensore Y che con una finta gli ruba la palla = is stopped by the defender Y, who deprives him of the ball by a trick

Il difensore Y passa la palla a un suo compagno che avanza oltre la metà campo Defender Y plays a teammate who crosses the field

E 'solo davanti al portiere, tira ma la palla va oltre la linea di fondo campo / in fallo lateral = He is alone in front of the keeper, shoots, but the ball goes over the baseline / into the side

Si ricomincia with a rimessa dal fondo / una rimessa manuale = You start again with a kick off the goal line / a hand kick

La squadra avversaria avanza = the opposing team advances

Un difensore commette fallo (di mano) and l'arbitro fischia una punizione da fuori area = a defender commits a foul (handball) and the judge whistles a penalty from outside the box

Si forma la barriera, tiro, il portiere manda in calcio d'angolo = the bolt is formed, but it is pushed, but the guard sends the ball into the corner space

Zib il calcio d 'angolo, colpo di testa di U e gol / rete !! = Z comes out of the corner, U heads the ball and gate !!

I tipi the partita (Football game types)

  • Campionato (Nazionale) = National Championship
  • Champions League = Champions League
  • europei = European Championship
  • mondiali = World Cup
  • quarti di finale quarterfinals
  • semifinals = Semi-final
  • final = Final
  • Tribuna (Stands), distinti centrali (Locking seats) or curva (Curve) P?
  • And… vinca il migliore! (it's the best!)

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Terms about computers and Internet in Italian


Terms about computers and Internet in Italian3 min read

Reading Time: 2 minutes

L'hardware: The hardware

So we are sitting in front of ours attrezzatura (Equipment). We have a tastiera (Keyboard), which nowadays often ultrasottile (ultrathin) is. To the right of it (if we destrorsi, i. e. Right-handed), or left of it (if we mancini, i. e. Left-handers are) il mouse (the mouse).

A curiosity: the Italian translation for mouse is topobut in the computer science field the animal name has not prevailed, which is why the English original word has been retained. An example of a "half translation", however tappetino per il mouse (Mouse mat), where one of the words has remained unchanged and the other has been translated.

Right in front of our eyes lo schermo (the (screen) screen on which the various videate or shearing mate (Pictures) appear. Mostly left and right of the screen gli altoparlanti (the speaker). The actual computer can be in Italian too torre (Tower). This probably stems from the fact that he may remember a tower because of his shape. It is also curious that not infrequently the whole computer with il disco fisso (Hard disk) is identified, although he also others componenti (Ingredients) contains: ventola (Fan), fessura per il cd (CD cover) prese per la chiavetta (Ports for USB stick), drive del (Floppy disk drive), Masterizzatore (Burner).

Not to be missed la stampante (the printer); the verb is stampare (to press).

Il software: The software

In this area, much, though not all, has remained untranslated, e.g. directory for directory (but that too cartella to call), file for file, i.a.

With a computer you can do a lot of things. Depending on, we need one programma di videoscrittura (Word processor) or a programma di contabilità (Accounting program) or one programma di computergrafica (Computer graphic program) u.v.a.m. No matter what programs you use, there are some operations that apply to all programs, such as:

  • memorizzare / spostare / copiare / rinominare un file = save / move / copy / rename a file
  • spostare and file cestino = move a file to the trash
  • cancellare un file definivamente = permanently delete a file
  • sovrascrivere / avanzare = overwrite / shift
  • incollare = insert
  • caricare / scaricare = enter / download
  • trasferire (because CD / USB a memoria, because memoria a CD / USB) = (from CD / USB to memory and from memory to CD / USB) dubbing / transferring

Navigare su internet: Surf the Internet

You need this una connessione Internet (an Internet connection), which you and others. allows di mandare e ricevere E-mails (Send e-mails and get). It's worth saying a few words about this new one posta (Post) to say. Languages ​​such as German and Italian have not made much effort to express this English term in good German or good Italian, although it is quite translatable in both languages: who says "electronic mail" and posta elettronica?

As a native Italian speaker I can say that in my language too posta elettronica say hears. But in my frequent contact with German speakers I have never heard anyone say "electronic mail".

For many internet operations you need una password (a password): here too the Italian has been lazy (or the Italians themselves are!) and has adopted the English word. To protect your computer, it is recommended programma antivirus (Anti-virus program) to install.

Well, you are now able to handle computers and the internet in Italy with ease. Have fun with it!

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Vocabulary of Italian regional studies –


Vocabulary of Italian regional studies3 min read

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The entry through the Val d'Aosta

Immediately after you have come out of the tunnel, you will il panorama montano (the mountainous landscape) stand out, with prati e pascoli (Meadows and pastures) and far away le montagne (the mountains). Differences are made between alta montagna (High mountains) – just what you find here now -, media montagna (Low mountain ranges) and bassa montagna (Low mountains). Missing fiumi (Rivers) Torrenti (Streams) and laghi (Lakes) not.

Entry through Friuli

In this case, drive through il Carso (Karst) with his doline (Sinkholes). Who does not know this phenomenon and these landscapes? We talk about l'altopiano roccioso calcareo (the calcareous rocky plateau) located in northeastern Italy at the foot of the Alpi Giulie (Julian Alps) to Mare Adriatico (Adriatic Sea), with its thousands and thousands grotto (Caves), with a lot sentieri (Paths), her pini neri (black pines) and the Landa Pietrosa (stony heath).

The colors of the seasons

If you in inverno (in winter) will travel il bianco della neve (the whiteness of snow) be the dominant color; in primavera (in spring) you will be aware of the "transitional colors", namely the whiteness of the last snow and il primo verde (the first green), received; l'estate (the summer) will take you with his colori caldi (warm colors) hug, and indeed il giallo del sole (the yellow of the sun), il verde di prati e boschi (the green of meadows and forests), la varietà di colori dei diversi fiori (the variety of colors of the different flowers), for example:

  • il bianco e giallo delle margherite logo CNRS logo INIST the white and the yellow of the daisies
  • azzurro o blu scuro delle genziane logo CNRS logo INIST the light or dark blue of the gentians
  • il rosso dei rododendri logo CNRS logo INIST the red of the rhododendrons
  • il pink e bianco della rosa canina = the pink and the white of the dog roses

But also l'autunno (Autumn) is a good time to visit Italy! In the opinion of some, nature would offer its most beautiful colors, especially il rosso e il giallo delle foglie (the red and yellow of the leaves).

The more south you drive, the more the mountains of the plain soften: we mean the only really great plain in Italy: la pianura padana (the Po Valley). Like all levels, this one too piatta (flat) and uniform (evenly), full Campi (Fields) and radure (Lumens).

Calanchi: natural phenomenon in Italy

Starting at Emilia-Romagna and reaching Basilicata you will come across this enchanting phenomenon. The calanchi are from the erosione (Erosion) generated furrows, due to the dilavamento delle acque (Water leaching) on roccia argillosa (clayey rock).

The caves in Italy

Toirano (Liguria), Frasassi (Marche), Castellana (Puglia): there are the most beautiful and famous, fuller stalattiti (stalactites) and stalagmiti (Stalagmites),

And last but not least: Il mare

Italy is una penisola (a peninsula), so she does not miss the sea! Le coste occidentali (the western coasts) are mostly pretty old e frastagliate (high and structured), le spiagge (the beaches) mostly consist of pietrisco (Pebbles) and il fondo marino (the seabed) is immediately steep. Le coste orientali (the eastern coasts) are on the other hand Piatte (flat), the beaches sabbiose (sandy) and the seabed is over a longer distance basso (flat): there you can penetrate several hundred meters into the water and always reach to the ground with your feet!