How to promote the language development of children


Family Practical Tips

Reading Time: 1 minute The experts agree that the language development of children should be encouraged as early as possible, that is, already at the age of nativity. The more the nursery school educators respond to the language utterances of a child and the greater the speech and hearing stimuli to which the child is exposed, the better the language development of the child will be.

April 5, 2019 1 min reading time

Education: How to promote the language development of children1 min read

Reading Time: 1 minute

Here are a few tips for parents and educators, with simple methods to promote language development:

  • simple songs and rhymes
  • Finger plays or small plays with hand puppets
  • talk a lot with the kids, even while playing
  • Story telling and reading

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Toddlers with a sense of humor?


Toddlers with a sense of humor?1 min read

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At the age of 19 to 36 months, the women asked children to do certain things, such as combing their hair or stirring it with a spoon in a cup. Then came the funny part: The psychologists did fun things like pulling a boot over their hands.

These funny actions accompanied her with laughter. In addition, they made mistakes that seemed unintentional and said "Hoppala." The toddlers should imitate them again and prove that they already had a sense of humor. All the children imitated the funny actions, but corrected the mistakes. So they clearly understood the difference between "making fun" and unintentional mistakes.

The toddlers between 25 and 36 months imitated even further: they laughed at the funny actions and when they themselves made mistakes they said "Hoppala". If your toddler laughs and laughs "fun", join in. Humor is part of the development and "clowning" must be.

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Siblings – for a lifetime


Siblings stay for a lifetime – hopefully3 min read

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Forget about "Family Exemplary"

Do not measure your relationship with an ideal image or sibling relationships that you observe elsewhere. A sibling relation is similar to a partnership: how you shape it best depends on the personalities, but also on the current circumstances and expectations of both.

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Discover the childhood of your siblings

Especially at family celebrations and funerals, but also during relocations and apartment resolutions many memories come up. Share your memories with each other. You will be astonished how differently you have experienced your family of origin – in extreme cases even as if you had different parents.

Thus, one may have enjoyed the educated middle-class atmosphere, while the other felt overwhelmed by the intellectual demands of parents. Important: Ask curious and tell openly and without the right to finally get right!

Put down old roles

No matter how much you've changed over the course of your life, when you're with your sister / brother, you easily fall back into old childhood roles. Because for your siblings, you are still the big brother or the baby, the all-rounder, the linkie, the rival …

Practical tip

Break up bad role allocations – just by not joining in when your brother / sister forces you into an old role. Do it like an actor: Practice the new, desired role until you truly embody it.

For example, if a pair of brothers has "the determiner" and "the baby," both can change the role distribution themselves. The younger, addressing his problems alone in the future, and the elder, refusing to serve as emergency workers.

Frequent pitfalls

Once a rival, always a rival. Strong rivalry often has its roots in parents obviously favoring a child or comparing children to each other. Accept it as a fact that your parents were not fair, and do not blame your brother / sister for doing so. Rather rough than cordial. Do not take your siblings for granted. For a friendly relationship you should treat them as polite and friendly as your friends.

Establish your own traditions

Many adult siblings leave the initiative for family gatherings to their parents. Often the regular sibling contact dies with the parents. Institutionalize contacts (eg annual siblings weekend), which you can continue or expand later independently of your parents.

Form a support community

Being grown up means going your own way. But when parents need help in old age, fraternal cooperation is often needed. Practice cooperation in good times, such as organizing a family celebration. Important aspects: a common line in the planning, a fair division of tasks and good communication, including on financial aspects.

Talk about your parents on a regular basis ("Father's just getting up the stairs") and their wishes and fears. In many families, the child with the greatest proximity in case of an emergency automatically assumes primary responsibility. Talk openly about possible future scenarios and who can contribute to supporting your parents.

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Sleep is more important than important!


Sufficient sleep is important for the development and health of children, as is well known. The effects are wide-ranging: children's behavior and the propensity for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) depend on nighttime sleep.

Sleep and behavior is being studied in a Finnish study

A study from Finland with 280 healthy children, ages seven and eight, found that children who get enough sleep show better behavior and are less prone to ADHD. To this end, scientists from the University of Helsinki ask the parents of the children about their sleeping habits and their behavior. The children continued to wear a so-called Actigraphen at night, which measures movements and determines how long the sleep really lasts.

Sufficient sleep makes you balanced and attentive

Most parents rated the sleep duration of their children too high, according to the result of the Actigraphen study. The magic sleep limit seems to be 7.7 hours per night:

Children less than 7.7 hours of sleep were the most hyperactive and showed the most impulsive behavior. Already 30 minutes more sleep per night already showed significant improvements. As the children became more relaxed, their results increased in cognitive testing, the length of attention phases, and their responsiveness improved.

Once again, it became clear in the study that sufficient sleep is essential for children. However, if your child sleeps less and is still balanced, you do not necessarily have to "condemn" it to more sleep: the need for sleep varies individually.

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Mediation: The attitude of the mediator


In a mediation, the attitude of the mediator is very important. In order to do justice to both conflicting parties, the mediator must adopt the attitude of impartiality. This means that the mediator may not favor any of the conflicting parties. He must be able to defer his beliefs and values ​​in mediation so that those involved can find their own solution to the conflict.

The impartiality of mediation

The mediator must confront all conflict parties without prejudice. He may not take sides in case of conflict. The impartiality can not be made so easily. Just when a mediator should mediate a conflict that seems familiar to him, his impartiality may be in danger. Even if one of the conflicting partners seems to be superior to the other, or if one of the conflicting partners seems to be suffering much more from the conflict than the other, it can be difficult for an experienced mediator not to take sides.

Why is the mediator's impartiality so important?

Imagine that you have a strong conflict with another person that you can not solve on your own, and you seek out an uninvolved third party with whom you want to discuss the whole conflict and then take this party for your conflict partner. You would probably feel betrayed and deceived and you would be less than ever ready to come to a solution with your conflict partner.

Why the conflicting parties need to find the solution themselves in mediation

The mediator should help the two parties to find their own solution to their conflict. As soon as the mediator strikes one side, he lacks the professional distance that is necessary to lead the conflicting parties to resolve their own conflict. A solution proposed by the mediator is usually not half as good as a solution worked out by the two conflicting parties themselves. Only the conflicting parties themselves can find a solution that corresponds to their interior.

In most cases solution ideas arise when both parties to the conflict feel heard from the other side. As soon as one succeeds in bringing one's own point of view and one's own experience closer to the other, the hardening breaks up and one can move towards each other again. This process is very important and should by no means be anticipated by the mediator.

Mediation also means taking the perspective of the other

In a mediation, the conflicting parties not only listen to and respect the other's point of view. They are also often asked to take the other's point of view for a moment and to imagine how their own behavior affects the other side. The ability to change perspectives is clearly limited in most conflict parties at the beginning of a mediation.

If both parties then succeed in persuading one another – even for a short time only – the conflict can usually be settled very quickly.

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Making music with children: This is how your child enjoys music


  • Little kids love movement and dance games like "Brother, come dance with me" or Kniereiter like "Hoppe, Hoppe Reiter", preferably with many repetitions. Also tickle games with matching song prepare your child a lot of fun.
  • Dance with your child. So it can experience and express music with the whole body. Even the little ones like to dance on Mama's arm when it's not rock'n'roll.
  • Listen to specific music. Offer your child different music styles from classical to country to hit. Children's songs on cassette are also allowed if you occasionally sing or sing together in between. However, constant background gesturing is unfavorable because your child does not consciously perceive the music and it also disturbs the language development.
  • Give your child age-appropriate musical instruments. This can be a rattle, a ball with a bell, a xylophone or a simple flute or whistle. Of course, you can also easily make rhythm instruments yourself, for example by filling buttons or rice in a plastic tin (please secure with adhesive tape so that nothing can be swallowed!).

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Easter: meaning and traditions


Chocolate lovers beware: Easter is finally here again. But do you remember what meaning Easter has? A brief outline of egg hunt, church and customs.

Easter: meaning from the church

Easter has always been the feast of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The highest Christian feast begins already on Ash Wednesday, which heralds the Lent on the basis of Jesus fasting and praying in the desert. This ends on Holy Saturday. The previous Good Friday is also referred to by Christians as "Still Friday" and is considered as the feast day of the death of Jesus Christ.

Until Easter Sunday, the church bells are not rung in some Catholic communities. Here is the amazed children told, the bells fly in this time to Rome to come back with colorful chocolate eggs. According to biblical tradition, Holy Saturday is held on Holy Saturday before the resurrection of Jesus is celebrated on Easter Sunday. Easter Monday is just the continuation of Easter Sunday and bears no meaning for Easter.

Customs and traditions for Easter

There are many customs and traditions for Easter with different meanings. Easter is often completely different in cultures. Easter fires, Easter bunnies and Easter eggs are very important here. Cheerful, cheerful light and spring festivals are also included.

Chocolate: A must for Easter

Easter has only one meaning for many children: looking for chocolate eggs, finding them and eating happily. Tradition says that the Easter bunny hides the colorful eggs at night in the garden. In the afternoon there is usually a delicious Easter cake and green branches in the apartment are decorated with home-made and brightly painted eggs.

International Easter: foreign meanings

But not only the chocolate search and the colorful eggs characterize Easter. In distant cultures, Easter has a completely different meaning. So the Greeks greet each other at Easter with the slogans "Christ is risen" and "He is truly risen". The English maintain the custom of rolling the painted eggs down a street until the shell breaks. The Finns, on the other hand, come up with a birch branch to commemorate the palm branches as they greet Jesus in Jerusalem.

Easter is not the same as Easter. Meanings from all over the world contribute to the fact that the highest celebration of the Christians becomes a colorful spectacle with numerous different traditions and customs.

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Spin the bottle with fun tasks for kids and teenagers


Whether for children's birthday or New Year's Eve or just in between, the parlor game bottle turning is not out of fashion. In this article you will find tasks that are suitable for children or the whole family. In addition, there are suggestions for questions and tasks that will get the party going.

Bottle turning for children's rounds

You need an empty water or wine bottle made of glass. Make sure that the bottle is round so that it can turn around. The children sit cross-legged in a circle, in the middle is the bottle. The birthday boy starts and thinks up a task. Then it turns peppy the bottle. The one to whom the bottleneck points must fulfill this task. Then he is allowed to turn the bottle.

Experience has shown that at least children on command to spin bottles fun tasks. Cut out small pieces of paper and label them with tasks. Then place the pieces of paper in a small bag. If you do not know any task, you pull a piece of paper out of the bag and read it aloud. Then it is determined with the bottle, who may perform the job.

Spin the Bottle: Funny Tasks for Kids

  • Singing a song loudly in the hallway or on the street.
  • To recite a poem.
  • Count the candles on the Christmas tree.
  • Eat a spoonful of flour.
  • Fish a piece of chocolate with your mouth out of flour.
  • Drink a spoonful of lemon juice.
  • Eat a piece of raw onion.
  • Eat a biscuit while whistling a song.
  • Gurgle a song with water in the mouth.
  • To tell a joke.
  • Three times in a row quickly recite a tongue twister.
  • Whistle a burning candle.
  • Press a burning candle with your fingers.
  • Like a hare hopping through the apartment.
  • Like a frog hopping through the apartment and croaking loudly.
  • How a crab crawls backwards on hands and feet.
  • Make a headstand.
  • 10 jumping Jacks hop.
  • Beat a somersault.
  • Wind around the room like a snake.
  • Make ugly grimaces.
  • Make faces and make the others laugh.
  • Sit on the floor without help of the hands and get up again.
  • Crawl under the table.
  • Reciting the ABC backwards.
  • Pudding or eating cake without the help of hands.
  • Stuff as many straws as possible in your mouth.
  • Pick up a piece of paper with your mouth.
  • Kiss the father or mother of the birthday boy on the cheek.

Spin the bottles for the youth party

A modern twist on bottle spinning is the game Truth or Duty. Again, the players sit in a circle and turn the bottle. If the bottleneck points to someone, they must choose the truth or duty or act. If he says truth, he must answer a question truthfully.

If he chooses duty, he must complete a task. In this game, it is unclear when someone is unpleasantly affected by a question or compulsory task. So that the mood does not tip, each player can receive three Joker. If the joker is drawn, an alternative question or task is called.

Wrong Turning Truth: Questions for Teenagers

  • How old were you at the first kiss?
  • Are you in love with a teacher?
  • Have you ever farted in the class?
  • Have you ever cheated on a class?
  • It's burning and you can only save one person. Whom?
  • Which girl in class do you like most?
  • When did you cry the last time?
  • Which animal resembles the person to the right of you?
  • Who do you envy?
  • Would you have a beauty surgery done on you?
  • When did you turn red the last time? Why?
  • Call it an embarrassing situation in your life.
  • When did you lie to your parents?
  • When did you write off your homework with friends?
  • What embarrassing TV program are you most looking for?
  • Who in the round is likely to read your diary?
  • Have you ever smoked?
  • What name would you tattoo if you had to?
  • Where would you get tattooed if need be?
  • What three things would you take to a desert island?
  • In which star have you ever had a crush?
  • You should marry tomorrow. Whom?
  • Name your parents' embarrassing nickname.

Spin the bottle Duty / Act: Tasks for teenagers

  • Blindfold and paint one or more fingernails.
  • Jump on one leg and call "Kikeriki".
  • Eat cat or dog food.
  • Scream loud.
  • Write his name with the pen, but use the foot.
  • Borrow shower gel from the neighbors.
  • Circling with one hand while moving the other hand up and down.
  • Do 10 squats.
  • Imitate an annoying presenter.
  • Touch the nose with the tip of the tongue.
  • Running in bikini or swimming trunks around the house.
  • Get a laugh attack.
  • Give a person a foot massage in the round.
  • Put a cork in your mouth and read aloud.
  • Drink a spoonful of lemon juice.
  • A shot glass of water with pepper.
  • To eat a hot pepper.
  • Lizzle for the next 10 minutes.
  • Make a compliment to someone in the group.
  • Carry someone from the group through the room.
  • Everyone else in the group hugging.
  • Brush the person's nose to the left of you.
  • Perform belly dance.
  • Blindfold and feed with something. Nasty are cold noodles.
  • Drink a raw egg.
  • Press the tongue to the palate and speak for 10 minutes.
  • How a crab crawls backwards.
  • Perform a party dance.
  • Call someone and wish a happy new year.
  • Kiss someone from the game round.
  • May compliment any adults present.
  • Stand in the pedestrian zone with an instrument like a street musician and make music for money.
  • Make an object, eg. As a table, a declaration of love.
  • Make the person to your right a declaration of love in Swedish.

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This helps to reduce circulatory problems during pregnancy


Mild dizziness, tinnitus or tiredness are common complaints during pregnancy. Often circulatory problems are responsible for the suffering. With these advice, you can alleviate the symptoms. However, if there is no improvement, you should definitely consult a doctor.

This creates circulatory problems during pregnancy

For complaints such as dizziness, fatigue and fainting, low blood pressure is usually responsible. In many women, the diastolic (lower) value of blood pressure during pregnancy decreases.

This is due to the hormonal changes: The hormones cause the blood vessels to dilate, as a result, the blood sank faster in the legs and the brain is no longer sufficiently supplied with blood. Above all, women who suffered from low blood pressure before pregnancy are affected. Even very slim pregnant women are very prone to circulatory problems.

Typical circulatory problems during pregnancy

A characteristic sign of circulatory problems is dizziness. They often occur when the pregnant woman gets up quickly, for example, out of bed or after prolonged sitting.

Other signs of low blood pressure include tachycardia, tinnitus and nausea, which are often noticeable after a strenuous exercise. If you feel shaky, sweat, or feel a lethargic feeling in the stomach, you may also be suffering from low blood sugar levels.

Prevent circulatory problems:

  • Get out in the fresh air on a daily basis, but do not over-exert yourself.
  • Swimming helps against circulatory problems.
  • Drink at least two liters of fluid a day.
  • Eat several small meals throughout the day to keep blood sugar levels stable.
  • Get up slowly from the lying or sitting position.
  • Start the morning with some gymnastics in bed. Stretch extensively and move your arms and legs to get the circulation going.
  • Drink a glass of water immediately after getting up. This also brings the digestion in motion.
  • If you like, start the morning with cold water. Shower off the legs with the shower head, first the outside of the legs and then the inside.
  • Dry brushing also revives the cycle.
  • Avoid standing for a long time.
  • Avoid strenuous activities, especially in hot weather.
  • Treat yourself to rest regularly and spare yourself.

How to respond to acute circulatory problems

  • Sit down with dizziness or tremors immediately.
  • Drink a glass of water.
  • Fruit or sweets raise the blood sugar level.
  • Lie on the left side and store your legs elevated. This allows the blood to flow back faster.

Tips for a healthy pregnancy

Mild complaints are not dangerous to you or your child. Nevertheless, it is important to take the signals of the body seriously and to spare oneself. Try the following tips. If you suffer from severe dizziness and fainting, be sure to visit your doctor. The symptoms may indicate anemia or undersupply of the child.

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Write the apology for the school correctly


If a child is under the age of majority, the legal guardians write the excuse for the school in case of illness. Although there is a general school code, each school sets house rules as to when and how parents must file an apology for their children for the school. Read about the reasons for exemption. With our templates you write a perfect apology for the school.

Sorry for the school: legal bases

According to the General School Regulations, the child's absence from school must be declared in writing at least on the third day. For children who are not of age, the legal guardians write the apology for the school. Further provisions are specified in the respective school law of your state. At the beginning of the school year, the homeroom teacher distributes a house rules, based on the state school law, the rules of the school in the event of a school failure are set. These house rules are binding for you and your child.

Sorry for the school: how to report failures

Call the secretary in the morning and let them know that your child is ill. The secretary informs the class teacher. Many elementary schools attach importance to the fact that parents report their sickness in the morning immediately before the beginning of the lesson. So the teacher knows why the freshmen do not show up and does not care.

If your child is ill for longer, you must submit a written notification of illness by the third day at the latest. However, if you have taken your child off the phone by phone, many teachers will accept if the healthy child gives the excuse for the school.

Sorry for the school: medical certificate

If your child visits a doctor during the illness, get a certificate. So there are no doubts about your child's condition. The school can ask you for a medical certificate. Possible reasons are a long illness. Or there are doubts about the child's illness on the part of the school.

Sorry for the school: reasons for a lesson

In Germany there is compulsory education. However, there are several occasions when students can be exempted from class. If you know the date, make sure to apologize to the school beforehand. However, a vacation trip is not sufficient reason for your child to miss the lesson. Nor is it allowed to extend the holidays by a few days, for example, to obtain a cheaper travel time.

These occasions are considered an important reason for an educational exemption:

  • illness
  • doctor visit
  • Visit to counseling centers
  • Bath stay
  • Death within the family
  • Marriage within the family
  • authorities visits

Sorry for the school: Template

Write an apology for the school shortly. You are also not obliged to name the cause of the disease. Exceptions are serious illnesses that need to be reported to the school. In the apology, name the name of your child and the days off. The sign of the apology for the school is your signature, also the place and the date are an appropriate supplement.

Sample text for a sick message:
Place and date

Good day, female teacher (name of the teacher),

Please excuse the absence of my daughter Lea Mustermann in the period from 7.9. until 9.9.2017. She was unable to attend class because of illness.

Kind regards
signature of a legal guardian

Sample text for a family celebration:
Place and date

Good day, Mr. Teacher (name of the teacher),

We ask for the leave of absence of our son Leo Mustermann on March 15, 2018. On this day, Leo's sister marries.

Thank you for your understanding.

Yours sincerely
signature of a legal guardian

Further expert articles on the topic Sick leave and letter of apology:

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